During his business career, Ron Boring held international executive positions in the telecommunication companies Vodafone, AirTouch and Pacific Telesis with postings in Europe, Latin America and Asia. His most recent position was as chief executive of Vodafone-Japan. He also served as head of business development for Apple Computer for its launch in Africa and the Middle East. Prior to business, Mr. Boring's public sector assignments included Peace Corps-Guinea, USAID-Vietnam, and the Ford Foundation-Brazil. He has graduate degrees from the Stanford Business School and the Graduate School of Public Affairs, UC Berkeley.