Indonesia was recently ranked in the top 25 percent in the 2012 Open Budget Survey, which measures budget transparency, participation, and oversight in more than 100 countries around the world. Yet corruption, inequity, poverty, and decaying infrastructure are obstacles to Indonesia becoming fully open and thriving. Our programs strengthen the effectiveness of democratic institutions and legal and judicial systems, empower women’s political participation, and support environmental governance. Read country overview.
CRITICAL ISSUE: ETHNIC AND RELIGIOUS CONFLICTS
After 10 years of relative stability under the leadership of President Susilo Bambang Yudhoyono, Indonesians are preparing for national legislative and presidential elections in 2014. Indonesians overwhelmingly support democracy and the electoral process, despite several high-profile corruption cases, declining trust in the House of Representatives, and open acknowledgement of money politics. Our programs strengthen the effectiveness of democratic institutions; support the rule of law; address human rights; empower women's political and economic participation; and support environmental governance. Religious intolerance continues to stoke conflict and violence in Indonesia, and last year we supported Paramadina Foundation, a local organization, to examine why police are able to protect minorities and uphold religious freedoms in some instances, but fail at other times. In contrast to earlier work, the study found that the personal beliefs of police officers did not play a critical role in the protection of minorities. Rather, the most decisive factor in preventing violence against minorities was police professionalism. When police acted early, violence did not occur. Timely and accurate intelligence information also played a role. The results of the study will be presented to the national and district police and other stakeholders to address this serious and worsening problem.
Subnational conflict is the most deadly, widespread, and enduring form of violent conflict in Asia. It affects more than half the countries in South and Southeast Asia and more than 131 million people. Between 1999 and 2008, more people were killed in subnational conflicts in Asia than in all other forms of conflict combined. How can foreign aid help?
Click here for findings from The Asia Foundation's study on subnational conflict: The Contested Corners of Asia.