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Critical Issues: Ethnic and Religious Conflicts
Subnational conflicts are the most deadly, widespread, and enduring violent conflicts in Asia. Recent studies by The Asia Foundation indicate that more people have died in the region's 26 subnational conflicts than in international conflicts during the past 20 years. In South and Southeast Asia, active conflicts affect regions that are roughly the size of Indonesia and inhabited by more than 130 million people. In many countries, such as the Philippines, Sri Lanka, and Thailand explored in this slideshow, conflicts often derive from deeply rooted religious and ethnic differences and struggles over minority rights. Compiled by In Asia editor Alma Freeman.