The Asia Foundation

The Asia Foundation

Improving Lives
Expanding Opportunities

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Environment Programs in Mongolia


Mongolia is endowed with rich mineral resources, consisting of more than 8,000 deposits of 440 different minerals, which now account for 20 percent of the GDP and are fueling Mongolia's economic growth. As the mining sector develops and grows in importance for Mongolia's economy, local communities dependent on natural resources for their livelihoods are increasingly vulnerable to the impacts that mining is causing in terms of land degradation and water pollution. Effective government institutions and citizens' participation in environmental decisions are therefore crucial to prevent conflict, safeguard natural resources, and ensure sustainable economic growth.


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